Elizabethan Explorers, Privateers & Colonists
The reign of Elizabeth I of England (1558-1603 CE) witnessed an extraordinary spurt of exploration as tiny wooden ships boldly set sail from English shores to cross the world's oceans. Famous mariners like Francis Drake, Martin Frobisher...
Prince Henry the Navigator
Prince Henry the Navigator (aka Infante Dom Henrique, 1394-1460) was a Portuguese prince who famously helped capture the North African city of Ceuta, sponsored voyages of exploration with the aim of building colonies in the North Atlantic...
Interrelations of Kerma and Pharaonic Egypt
The vacillating nature of Ancient Egypt's associations with the Kingdom of Kerma may be described as one of expansion and contraction; a virtual tug-of-war between rival cultures. Structural changes in Egypt's administration led to alternating...
Map of the Mediterranean 550 BC
A map of the Mediterranean around 550 BC, showing the major cultures: Greece and its colonies Phoenicia and its colonies Lydia Egypt Persia Thrace Illyria
Model of the Temple of Artemis
Model of the Temple of Artemis, Miniature Park, Istanbul, Turkey.
Temple of Hera, Selinus
The Temple of Hera (aka Temple 'E'), from Selinus (Selinunte) in Sicily. The temple was dedicated to Hera in the 5th century BCE.
Carthage and its Harbour
This is a 3D rendition of what Carthage might have looked like at the height of its power. In the foreground you can see the Cothon, the city's famous military harbour.
Cortés & the Siege of Tenochtitlan
A 17th-century CE oil painting depicting the Spanish Conquistadores led by Hernán Cortés besieging the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan in 1519 CE. (Jay I. Kislak Collection)
Secoton Village by John White
An illustration of the native Indian settlement called Secoton village, located in the area where English colonists settled in 1585 and 1587 CE, establishing Roanoke Colony (North Carolina, USA). (British Museum, London)
Magna Graecia (Megalē Hellas) refers to the coastal areas of southern Italy which were colonized by various Greek city-states from the 8th to 5th centuries BCE. Later writers such as Strabo also included Sicily and eventually the term came...