The aulos was a musical wind instrument played by the ancient Greeks. It was also known as the kalamos or libykos lotos, which referred to the material from which part of the instrument was made: respectively, the reed and the Libyan lotus...
Ancient Greek Music
Music (or mousike) was an integral part of life in the ancient Greek world, and the term covered not only music but also dance, lyrics, and the performance of poetry. A wide range of instruments was used to perform music which was played...
Marsyas the satyr, or silen, was seen as a mythological founder of aulos playing or a divine judge of it by the ancient Greeks. The way in which his aulos playing enraptured his audience was likened to the way in which Socrates mesmerised...
Ancient Greek Dance
In ancient Greece, dance had a significant presence in everyday life. The Greeks not only danced on many different occasions, but they also recognized several non-performative activities such as ball-playing or rhythmic physical exercise...
In Greek mythology, the nine Muses are goddesses of the various arts such as music, dance, and poetry. Blessed with wonderful artistic talents, they also possess great beauty, grace, and allure. Their gifts of song, dance, and joy helped...
The Brauron Aulos
no. 57 shows the Brauron aulos, found at excavations at the temple site of Brauron in a holy pond. It is made of bone and dated to the end of the 6th C. - 5th C. No.s 55 + 56 are fragments of an aulos No.s 53 + 54 show two aulos players...
The tympanon (tympanum in Latin) was the most popular frame-drum in ancient Greek music, producing a loud rumbling sound not far from the sound of the orchestral timpani drums today. This percussion instrument was played mainly by women on...
This fragment of an Attic red-figure plate depicts an aulos player, and clearly shows the strap which was worn to aid the playing of the instruments. The inscription says, "Hermocrates did this" National Archaeological Museum, Athens...
Greek Double Aulos
The ancient Greek double aulos (diaulos) consisted of two pipes (auloi) attached at the mouthpiece and sometimes held in place with a leather strap (forveia) to the player's face. The pipes could be of equal length or unequal, the latter...
An Aulos Player and Dancing Girl
This Attic red-figure vase depicts an aulos player accompanying a female dancer. There is a kithara suspended in between them. National Archaeological Museum 1187