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Amber in Antiquity
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Amber in Antiquity

Amber, the fossilised resin of trees, was used throughout the ancient world for jewellery and decorative objects. The main source was the Baltic region where amber, known to mineralogists as succinite, was washed up onto beaches and easily...
Trade in Ancient Celtic Europe
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Trade in Ancient Celtic Europe

Trade in raw materials and manufactured goods in ancient Celtic Europe was vibrant and far-reaching, particularly regarding the centre of the continent where there was a hub of well-established trade routes. As the Celts' territory expanded...
Etruscan Amber Figurine
Imageby Metropolitan Museum of Art

Etruscan Amber Figurine

A figurine of a woman holding a child. Amber, 5th century BCE, Etruscan. Height: 6.3 cm. (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Egyptian Amber Ring
Imageby The British Museum

Egyptian Amber Ring

A finger ring made from amber. Egypt, New Kingdom Period. (British Museum, London)
Archaic Greek Amber Necklace
Imageby The British Museum

Archaic Greek Amber Necklace

An amber necklace from Archaic Greece, 600-480 BCE. Potidaea, ancient Macedon. (British Museum, London)
Roman Amber Dice
Imageby The British Museum

Roman Amber Dice

A Roman dice made from amber. 1st-2nd century CE. From Aquileia, central Italy. (British Museum, London)
Levantine Amber Glass Wine Cup
Imageby Allard Pierson Museum

Levantine Amber Glass Wine Cup

This beautiful amber-colored glass wine cup (diam. ca. 15 cm), with its fine horizontal grain on the edge, is an early example of moulded glass produce from the Levant (ca. 100 BCE - 100 CE; APM inv. no. 14.023). It had to be placed in a...
Roman Amber Perfume-pot
Imageby The British Museum

Roman Amber Perfume-pot

A perfume-pot made from amber and depicting cupids and a panther. Roman, Aquileia, 100-120 CE. (British Museum, London)
Trade in the Phoenician World
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Trade in the Phoenician World

The Phoenicians, based on a narrow coastal strip of the Levant, put their excellent seafaring skills to good use and created a network of colonies and trade centres across the ancient Mediterranean. Their major trade routes were by sea to...
Trade in the Byzantine Empire
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Trade in the Byzantine Empire

Trade and commerce were essential components of the success and expansion of the Byzantine Empire. Trade was carried out by ship over vast distances, although for safety, most sailing vessels were restricted to the better weather conditions...