Greek and Phoenician Colonization
Both the ancient Greeks and Phoenicians extensively colonized vast areas of Europe, along the Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts. In doing so, they spread their culture, which strongly influenced the local tribes. For the Greeks, this is...
Pets in the Ancient Mediterranean
The history of mankind is interwoven with the domestication of animals. Dogs may have been domesticated in prehistoric Europe perhaps as long as 36,000 years ago. The first cats are thought to have been domesticated in Egypt, while the invention...
Hellenistic Trade Routes, 300 BCE
Alexander the Great died in Babylon on the 13th of June, 323 BCE. His Macedonian-Greek empire broke apart, but Alexander’s heritage was felt throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for centuries. Three Hellenic empires emerged from the...
The Phoenician Expansion c. 11th to 6th centuries BCE
A map illustrating the expansion of the Phoenicians, including the trade routes and process of Phoenician colonization, from its origins in the Levant region of the eastern Mediterranean, until its height when it spanned from Cyprus to the...
This marble relief shows a man sailing a corbita, a small Roman coastal vessel with two masts. Found at Carthage, most likely produced in Africa Proconsularis (modern-day Tunisia) circa 200 CE. The corbita's sails were most likely made...
Roman Shipbuilding & Navigation
Unlike today, where shipbuilding is based on science and where ships are built using computers and sophisticated tools, shipbuilding in ancient Rome was more of an art relying on rules of thumb, inherited techniques and personal experience...
Side (pronounced see-day) was a city on the southern coast of Cilicia (modern-day Turkey) first settled in the 7th century BCE by immigrants from Cyme, an Aeolian municipality to the north near the kingdom of Lydia. Its name means 'pomegranate'...
Trade in the Roman Empire Map (c. 200 CE)
This map shows the major sources of trade goods in the Roman Empire, circa 200 CE. The map shows the sources of the following trade goods: grain, olive oil, slaves, wine, metals, textiles and wild animals.
Phoenician Trade Network
Map of Phoenicia and its trade routes.
Greek & Phoenician Colonies
Greek (Red) and Phoenician (Yellow) colonization between the 8th and the 6th century BC. German placenames.