Kartli/Iberia Coin of Ohrmazd IV
Silver. The weights range from 2,92 gr. to 3,83 gr. d=30-31/34 mm. Obverse: Ohrmazd IV to the right. Legend in Pehlevi: hrm – aphzu (Ohrmazd Augustus), in front of the figure. Cross behind the figure. This is placed within onefold circle...
Carthago Nova (modern-day Cartagena) was a city on the southern Iberian Peninsula, Spain, originally known as Mastia. Human habitation of the region predates the Neolithic Period, but the area around the site of Carthago Nova seems to have...
The Second Crusade (1147-1149 CE) was a military campaign organised by the Pope and European nobles to recapture the city of Edessa in Mesopotamia which had fallen in 1144 CE to the Muslim Seljuk Turks. Despite an army of 60,000 and the presence...
The Reconquista (Reconquest) or Iberian Crusades were military campaigns largely conducted between the 11th and 13th century CE to liberate southern Portuguese and Spanish territories, then known as al-Andalus, from the Muslim Moors who had...
Interview: Numantia - Recreating the Ancient Iberian World
RECOTechnology is a small game-developer studio based in Madrid, Spain. Their latest video game - Numantia - allows players to explore the conflicts between the ancient Iberians and ancient Romans. James Blake Wiener of Ancient History Encyclopedia...
Saguntum (modern Sagunto), located near Valencia in Spain, was an Iberian, and then Roman, settlement. The town's most dramatic moment in history came in the late 3rd century BCE when it was attacked by Hannibal, an act which famously sparked...
Roman Empire in 117 CE
Map of the Roman Empire at its maximum extent in 117 CE, under the rule of Trajan.
Map of 2nd Century Roman Expansion
A map showing the early expansions of Rome, in the 2nd century BC.
Roman Road, Spain
A section of surviving Roman road near Cirauqui in northern Spain. The curb stones can be clearly seen, a common feature of Roman roads.
Map of Ancient Georgian States (600-150 BCE)
Map showing the ancient states in the western Caucasus (modern-day Georgia) from c. 600 BCE to 150 BCE.