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Persian Literature
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Persian Literature

Persian literature differs from the common definition of “literature” in that it is not confined to lyrical compositions, to poetry or imaginative prose, because the central elements of these appear, to greater or lesser degrees, in all the...
Salado Culture Pottery
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Salado Culture Pottery

The Salado culture is a term used by historians and archaeologists to describe a pre-Columbian Southwestern culture that flourished from c. 1200-1450 CE in the Tonto Basin of what is now the southern parts of the present-day US states of...
Example of Salado Culture Pottery
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Example of Salado Culture Pottery

The Salado culture is a term used by historians and archaeologists to describe a pre-Columbian Southwestern culture that flourished from c. 1200-1450 CE in the Tonto Basin of what is now the southern parts of the present-day US states of...
Painted Pottery from the Samarra Culture
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Painted Pottery from the Samarra Culture

This partially broken painted pottery dates back to the Samarra culture, Mesopotamia, 6th millennium BCE. (The Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq).
Mississippian Culture Projectile Points
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Mississippian Culture Projectile Points

These stone projectile points date from c. 900-1540 CE and were made by members of the Mississippian culture, which flourished in what is now the United States from c. 900-1500 CE. This set of artifacts were curiously uncovered by the U.S...
Majiayao Culture Linear Design Pottery
Imageby Jan van der Crabben

Majiayao Culture Linear Design Pottery

Pottery vessel with linear whirl design from China, Gansu or Qinghai Province, Majiayao culture, late 4th / early 3rd millennium BCE. Exhibited at the Rietberg Museum, Zurich, Switzerland.
Jar With Stylized Landscape, Majiayao Culture
Imageby Jan van der Crabben

Jar With Stylized Landscape, Majiayao Culture

A pottery jar with stylized landscape from Gansu or Qinhai Province, China. Produced by the Majiayao Culture, late 4th / early 3rd millennium BCE. Exhibited at Museum Rietberg, Zurich, Switzerland.
History of the Etruscan Culture: the First Great Italian Civilization
Videoby Kelly Macquire

History of the Etruscan Culture: the First Great Italian Civilization

The Etruscans, who knew themselves as the Rasenna, were a culture that flourished in central Italy in the region of Etruria between the 8th and the 3rd century BCE. They are first mentioned by the Greek writer Hesiod in the 8th century BCE...
Hyksos
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Hyksos

The Hyksos were a Semitic people who gained a foothold in Egypt c. 1782 BCE at the city of Avaris in Lower Egypt, thus initiating the era known in Egyptian history as the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782 - c. 1570 BCE). Their name, Heqau-khasut...
Second Intermediate Period of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Second Intermediate Period of Egypt

The Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782 - c.1570 BCE) is the era following the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (2040-1782 BCE) and preceding the New Kingdom (1570-1069 BCE). As with all historical designations of the eras of Egyptian history, the...
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