Crocodile Denarius of Cleopatra Selene II
Silver denarius from the reign of Juba II (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) and Cleopatra Selene II (c. 40 - 5 BCE). Obverse: Juba II with the legend "Rex Iuba" (Latin, "King Juba"). Reverse: Egyptian crocodile with legend "Basilissa Kleopatra" (Greek...
Relief of Cleopatra VII and Caesarion at the Dendera Temple
This relief from one of the walls of the Dendera Temple in Egypt portrays Cleopatra VII along with her son Caesarion as Pharaoh. Cleopatra had intended for her son to succeed her as ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, however her defeat at the...
Cleopatra and Caesar
Cleopatra Before Caesar by Jean-Léon Gérôme, oil on canvas, 1866. Cleopatra confronts Gaius Julius Caesar after emerging from a roll of carpet. The Egyptian Queen had been driven from the palace in Alexandria by her brother/husband Ptolemy...
Cleopatra as Isis-Aphrodite
This black basalt statue from Egypt portrays the Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII as Isis-Aphrodite (c. 51-30 BCE). Most Ptolemaic queens associated themselves with the goddess but none more famously than Cleopatra. In her own lifetime, she...
In the comic Asterix and Cleopatra (1963), Caesar exclaims, “she is kind, but the spices that easily go up her nose... she is pretty, too, though!” The joke (translated in the English edition as “only her nose is so easily put out of joint”...
Roman Portrait of Cleopatra
This marble copy of a portrait dates to between 40-30 BCE and is believed to depict the Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII. The bust is in fairly good condition although the nose has broken off. A broken off piece of marble on the statue's...
Bust of Cleopatra
Marlbe bust of Cleopatra VI of Egypt form 30-40 BC. Altes Museum Berlin.
Painting by Reginald Arthur from 1892 CE, depicting the legendary death of Cleopatra by snakebite.
Bronze Coin of Cleopatra
Bronze coin of Cleopatra (r. 51-30 BCE), with her portrait and eagle on the reverse. Minted in Alexandria, in modern-day Egypt. (The British Museum, London).
Women in Ancient Egypt
One of the central values of ancient Egyptian civilization, arguably the central value, was ma'at - the concept of harmony and balance in all aspects of one's life. This ideal was the most important duty observed by the pharaoh who, as mediator...