Conflict Between the Temple and the Crown in Ancient Egypt
The gods of ancient Egypt were worshipped as the creators and sustainers of all life. People acknowledged their supremacy and intimacy daily through rituals, amulets, and their labor for the king. Everyone, from farmers to craftsmen to merchants...
Interrelations of Kerma and Pharaonic Egypt
The vacillating nature of Ancient Egypt's associations with the Kingdom of Kerma may be described as one of expansion and contraction; a virtual tug-of-war between rival cultures. Structural changes in Egypt's administration led to alternating...
Timeline of Ancient Egypt
A timeline showing all the key periods in ancient Egyptian history: - Old Kingdom (2613-2181 BCE) - First Intermediate Period (2181-2040 BCE) - Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 BCE) - Second Intermediate Period (1782-1570 BCE) - New Kingdom...
Egyptian Vessel with Galloping Horses
On this ceramic vessel, two piebald horses are depicted; they are galloping and harnessed. An ankh sign's hand grasps a was-scepter. Horses were introduced to Egypt by the Hyksos during the Second Intermediate Period, c 1780 BCE. From Egypt...
Stela of King Seankhiptah of Egypt
Made of limestone and dating to the Second Intermediate Period (13th-14th Dynasties, c. 1785-1633 BCE), this ancient Egyptian stela is the primary source of information about Seankhiptah. On the left, the sovereign appears before the god...
Egyptian Scarab Amulets
Egyptian scarab amulets from the Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period, 2040-1550 BCE. (Capitoline Museums, Rome).
Comparative Timelines of Egypt & Kush
From c. 3150 - 2400 BCE, the nutrient-rich banks of the Nile River gave rise to two major civilizations: Egypt and Kush. Contact between the two began as early as c. 3150 BCE, with the first Egyptian expeditions (a mixture of military raids...
Statuette of a triad of women from Egypt
This limestone statuette depicts 3 standing women, holding hands and standing against a black slab on a plinth. From Egypt, precise provenance of excavation is unknown. Second Intermediate Period, 1650-1550 BCE. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian...
Statue of King Sobekemsaf I or II
This is one of just a few surviving royal statues from the late Second Intermediate Period, when southern Egypt was ruled from Thebes. Two of its kings had the birth name of Sobekemsaf, but their order and chronological potions remain disputed...
Heart-Scarab of King Sobekemsaf II
This amulet, in the form of a scarab beetle with a human face, was intended to ensure that the deceased passed safely through the judgment which would establish whether or not he was deserving eternal life. It is inscribed with an early version...