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Lyre
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Lyre

The lyre was a stringed musical instrument played by the ancient Greeks and was probably the most important and well-known instrument in the Greek world. It was closely related to the other stringed instruments: the chelys which was made...
Aulos
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Aulos

The aulos was a musical wind instrument played by the ancient Greeks. It was also known as the kalamos or libykos lotos, which referred to the material from which part of the instrument was made: respectively, the reed and the Libyan lotus...
Tympanon
Definitionby Nathalie Choubineh

Tympanon

The tympanon (tympanum in Latin) was the most popular frame-drum in ancient Greek music, producing a loud rumbling sound not far from the sound of the orchestral timpani drums today. This percussion instrument was played mainly by women on...
Zhou Dynasty
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Zhou Dynasty

The Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BCE) was among the most culturally significant of the early Chinese dynasties and the longest lasting of any in China's history, divided into two periods: Western Zhou (1046-771 BCE) and Eastern Zhou (771-256 BCE...
Ancient Greek Inventions
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Inventions

The ancient Greeks are often credited with building the foundations upon which all western cultures are built, and this impressive accolade stems from their innovative contributions to a wide range of human activities, from sports to medicine...
Ancient Greek Kithara
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Kithara

A reconstruction of the ancient Greek stringed instrument. It was associated with the god Apollo, regarded as the most gifted player of the instument and patron of musicians. (Museum of Ancient Greek Musical Instruments, Katakolon, Greece).
Maenad, Red-Figure Cup
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Maenad, Red-Figure Cup

Greek red figure stemless cup from Apula, 330-320 BCE, depicting a dancing maenad - female follower of Dionysus - holding a bell and tambourine. (Archaeological Museum, Milan)
Ancient Greek Sistrum
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Sistrum

A modern reconstruction of the ancient Greek musical instrument, the sistrum (rattle). (Museum of Ancient Greek Musical Instruments, Katakolon)
Greek Double Aulos
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Greek Double Aulos

The ancient Greek double aulos (diaulos) consisted of two pipes (auloi) attached at the mouthpiece and sometimes held in place with a leather strap (forveia) to the player's face. The pipes could be of equal length or unequal, the latter...
Orpheus
Imageby Dan Diffendale

Orpheus

A detail from an Apulian red-figure bell krater by the Pronomos Painter. First quarter of the 4th century BCE. Depicted is Orpheus in Thracian dress defending himself against Maenads(?). (Taranto, Museo Nazionale Archeologico, temporary loan...
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