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Ghosts in the Ancient World
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ghosts in the Ancient World

To the people of the ancient world, there was no doubt that the soul of a human being survived bodily death. Whatever an individual's personal views were on the subject, culturally they were brought up with the understanding that the dead...
Maya kakau glyph
Imageby VVVladimir

Maya kakau glyph

This ancient Maya glyph is pronounced "kah-kah-oo." Various forms of this glyph can be found on Maya vessels, some of which are known to have contained chocolate in some form.
Clay Maya Nobleman Figure
Imageby Jan van der Crabben

Clay Maya Nobleman Figure

Maya Nobleman, Jaina, Maya culture, Late Classic Period, c. 600-900 CE. Campeche, Mexico. Fired clay with remnants of paint. Exhibited at Museum Rietberg, Zurich, Switzerland.
The Lost Gods: The Maya (Planet Knowledge)
Videoby Planet Knowledge

The Lost Gods: The Maya (Planet Knowledge)

We trace the rise and fall of the great civilizations: the Egyptians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Maya, the Inca and the Celts. In this episode its the turn of the Maya. Find out about this ancient civilisation the customs, buildings, gods...
Maya Vessel with Dog Painting
Imageby Metropolitan Museum of Art

Maya Vessel with Dog Painting

Maya vessel depicting several mythological scenes. This part of the vessel depicts a god with a spotted tail and ears. The dog is a companion of death, and like his own has a dark nature. Attributed to the "Metropolitan Master", 7th or 8th...
Maya Warriors
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Maya Warriors

A Maya vessel decorated with warrior figures. They are wearing animal headdresses and have trophy heads hanging from their belts. From Mexico or Guatemala, c. 600-800 CE. (Brooklyn Museum, New York)
K'inich Janaab' Pakal
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

K'inich Janaab' Pakal

K'inich Janaab' Pakal (23 March 603 CE - 31 March 683 CE) was the Maya king of Palenque in the modern-day State of Chiapas, Mexico. Also known as Pacal (which means 'shield') and Pacal the Great, he is most famous for raising the city of...
Remnants of Maya Ruins at San Gervasio, Mexico
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Remnants of Maya Ruins at San Gervasio, Mexico

The ruins of San Gervasio -- located on the island of Cozumel in Mexico -- were once an important site of pilgrimage to Maya people who lived from c. 1000-1650 CE. A sanctuary of the Maya goddess Ix Chel used to be located at this location...
Maya Ruins of San Gervasio on Cozumel, Mexico
Imageby James Blake Wiener

Maya Ruins of San Gervasio on Cozumel, Mexico

The ruins of San Gervasio -- located on the island of Cozumel in Mexico -- were once an important site of pilgrimage to Maya people who lived from c. 1000-1650 CE. A sanctuary of the Maya goddess Ix Chel used to be located at this location...
Religion in the Ancient World
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Religion in the Ancient World

Religion (from the Latin Religio, meaning 'restraint,' or Relegere, according to Cicero, meaning 'to repeat, to read again,' or, most likely, Religionem, 'to show respect for what is sacred') is an organized system of beliefs and practices...