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Estado da India
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Estado da India

The Estado da India (1505-1961) was the name the Portuguese gave to that part of their empire which stretched from India to East Asia. However, in its widest sense, the name includes all Portuguese colonies east of the Cape of Good Hope and...
Mayflower
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Mayflower

The Mayflower is the name of the cargo ship that brought the Puritan separatists (known as pilgrims) to North America in 1620 CE. It was a type of sailing ship known as a carrack with three masts with square-rigged sails on the main and foremast...
Popham Colony
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Popham Colony

The Popham Colony (1607-1608 CE, also referred to as the Sagadahoc Colony) was an English settlement established in the present-day town of Phippsburg, State of Maine, USA, in August 1607 CE. The expedition which founded the site was comprised...
European Colonization of North America c.1750
Imageby Simeon Netchev

European Colonization of North America c.1750

A map illustrating the process of systematic European colonization of North America during the Age of Exploration - from the 1490s until the start of the French and Indian War of 1750s. It also depicts the shift of balance of power in the...
Sugar & the Rise of the Plantation System
Articleby James Hancock

Sugar & the Rise of the Plantation System

From a humble beginning as a sweet treat grown in gardens, sugar cane cultivation became an economic powerhouse, and the growing demand for sugar stimulated the colonization of the New World by European powers, brought slavery to the forefront...
A Brief History of Tobacco in the Americas
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

A Brief History of Tobacco in the Americas

The history of tobacco use in the Americas goes back over 1,000 years when natives of the region chewed or smoked the leaves of the plant now known as Nicotiana rustica (primarily in the north) and Nicotiana tabacum (mostly in the south...
Trade in the Ancient World
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Trade in the Ancient World

Trade has been going on for as long as humans have needed or wanted something that others had and they did not. Bartering for goods and trade in kind developed into more sophisticated forms of exchanges using commonly agreed commodity currencies...
Ships in the Ancient Mediterranean
Image Galleryby Mark Cartwright

Ships in the Ancient Mediterranean

The Egyptians, Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans all prospered in the ancient Mediterranean thanks to their mastery of the sea which allowed them to fish, trade, win naval battles and establish new cities far from their own coastal waters. In...
French & Dutch colonization: 1607-1754 CE
Videoby Khan Academy

French & Dutch colonization: 1607-1754 CE

In the 1600s CE, French and Dutch settlers in North America took a very different approach to colonization than their English or Spanish counterparts. In this video, Kim Kutz Elliott examines the trading relationships that French and Dutch...
Ancient Greece
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Greece

Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known in Greek as Hellas or Ellada, and consisting of a mainland and an archipelago of islands. Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature...