Visual Timeline: Sicily

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE  
750 BCE: Phoenicians found the colony of Motya on Sicily.
734 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Naxos on Sicily.
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
720 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Rhegium in Sicily.
689 BCE: Rhodes and Cretans found Gela in Sicily.
630 BCE: Selinus is founded by colonists from Megara Hyblaea, Sicily.
630 BCE: Messana founds the colony of Himera on Sicily.
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
580 BCE - 576 BCE: War between the Sicilian city-states of Segesta and Selinus.
580 BCE - 560 BCE: The main temple of the acropolis, Temple C, was built at Selinus.
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
570 BCE - 549 BCE: The tyrant Phalaris rules Agrigento, expanding its territory.
491 BCE - 478 BCE: Gelon is tyrant of Syracuse.
491 BCE - 478 BCE: Reign of Gelon, tyrant of Gela on Sicily.
489 BCE - 473 BCE: The tyrant Theron rules Agrigento.
480 BCE: Tyrant of Syracuse Gelon defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.
480 BCE: Agrigento defeats Carthage at the battle of Himera.
480 BCE: The huge temple of Zeus is built at Agrigento.
478 BCE - 467 BCE: Hiero I is tyrant of Syracuse.
458 BCE: A treaty of cooperation is signed between the Sicilian city-state of Segesta and Athens.
450 BCE - 430 BCE: The Temple of Concordia is built at Agrigento.
416 BCE: War breaks out again between rival Sicilian city-states Segesta and Selinus.
415 BCE - 413 BCE: Athenian expedition to attack Syracuse.
415 BCE: Alcibiades persuades the Athenian assembly to send a military expedition to Sicily.
415 BCE: Athens launches an expedition against Sicily, the pretext being protection of Segesta.
413 BCE: The Athenian expedition in Sicily ends in disastrous defeat and the Athenian generals Nicias and Demosthenes are executed.
413 BCE: Agrigento remains neutral in the war between Athens and Syracuse.
406 BCE: Agrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.
406 BCE: A Carthaginian army sacks Gela on Sicily.
405 BCE: Dionysius becomes tyrant in Syracuse, Sicily.
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
396 BCE: The Carthaginian city of Lilybaeum is founded on Sicily.
367 BCE: Dionysius II becomes tyrant of Syracuse, Sicily.
356 BCE: Dion becomes tyrant of Syracuse.
346 BCE: Dionysius II is once again tyrant of Syracuse.
344 BCE: Timoleon defeats Dionysius II of Syracuse and establishes an oligarchy government.
341 BCE: Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Crimisus in Sicily.
339 BCE: Gela on Sicily is rebuilt by the Corinthian general Timoleon.
338 BCE: Timoleon agrees a peace treaty with Carthage over their control of Sicily.
317 BCE: Agathocles takes power in Syracuse.
311 BCE: A Carthaginian army defeats Agathocles of Syracuse near Gela, Sicily.
309 BCE: Syracuse defeats a Carthaginian army in Sicily and kills their general Hamilcar.
306 BCE: Agathocles declares himself king of Syracuse.
306 BCE: Carthage and Agathocles of Syracuse sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them.
289 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse dies from poison or illness.
288 BCE: Hicetus becomes tyrant of Syracuse.
282 BCE: Gela, on Sicily, is destroyed by Phintias, the tyrant of Agrigento.
270 BCE - 215 BCE: Hiero II is tyrant of Syracuse.
264 BCE - 241 BCE: First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
264 BCE: The Mamertines at Messana on Sicily call for Carthaginian and then Roman help in defence against Syracuse, sparking the First Punic War.
263 BCE: Segesta joins the Roman cause in the First Punic War.
262 BCE: Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
254 BCE: Romans capture Palermo during the First Punic War.
250 BCE: Selinus on Sicily is abandoned.
250 BCE: A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated by Roman consul Metellus near Palermo in the First Punic War.
247 BCE: Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
244 BCE: Hamilcar Barca captures Eryx on Sicily during the First Punic War.
213 BCE - 212 BCE: Roman commander Marcus Claudius Marcellus lays seige to and ultimately sacks Syracuse.
212 BCE: A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
210 BCE: Rome attacks Agrigento.
201 BCE: Syracuse joins the Roman Republic, province of Sicily is formed.
189 CE: Septimius Severus is proconsul of Sicily. Birth of Geta, his second son.
535 CE: Belisarius conquers Sicily and Naples.
1035 CE: The Emir of Sicily, Ahmad al-Akhal, makes a treaty with the Byzantines rendering Sicily a virtual protectorate.
1038 CE: Byzantine forces under George Maniakes invade Muslim Sicily.
800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE 600 CE 800 CE