Visual Timeline: City
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6500 BCE: Jericho is the first major walled city, with a population of about 2,500.
4500 BCE: First walled cities. Uruk in Mesopotamia first city.
4100 BCE - 2900 BCE: Uruk Period in Mesopotamia. First cities.
4000 BCE: First settlement of Ur.
3400 BCE: Priests become the rulers of Mesopotamian cities.
3000 BCE: First Bronze Age settlement in Jerusalem.
3000 BCE - 2900 BCE: Mari, the earliest known planned city, is built near the eastern bank of the Euphrates.
1750 BCE - 1300 BCE: Troy VI - probable Troy of Homer's Iliad. City at its zenith.
753 BCE: The legendary founding date of Rome.
1100 CE: The Inca, led by Manco Capac, migrate to the Cuzco Valley and establish their capital at Cuzco.
1345 CE: Traditional date for the founding of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan on Lake Texcoco.