Visual Timeline: Buddhism

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1100 CE 1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE 1600 CE 1700 CE 1800 CE  
563 BCE - 483 BCE: Generally accepted dates of the life of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, by scholars.
400 BCE: First Buddhist Council at Rajgir, Bihar, India; teachings and monastic discipline agreed to and codified.
383 BCE: Second Buddhist Council at which the Sthaviravada and Mahasanghika schools separate over differences in monastic discipline; the first schism in Buddhism.
200 BCE - 600 CE: Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
100 BCE: Buddhist sutras began to be written down in Pali.
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
148 CE: An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
200 CE: The Buddhist Lotus Sutra is written down in Pali language.
200 CE - 400 CE: The Buddhist Nirvana Sutra is written down in Pali language.
200 CE: Dhammapada is translated to Chinese and other Asian languages.
372 CE: A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
384 CE: Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
450 CE: Buddhist scholar Buddhaghosa writes his commentary on Dhammapada.
538 CE: Alternative date to 552 CE for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
552 CE: Traditional date for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
573 CE - 622 CE: Prince Shotoku was the founder of Japanese Buddhism and of the Japanese nation. He is famous for his 17-article constitution, the first Buddhist constitution ever to be created.
593 CE: The Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
596 CE: The Hokoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
607 CE: The Horyuji Buddhist temple is built in Nara, Japan during the reign of Regent Prince Shotoku.
617 CE - 686 CE: Life of the Korean Buddhist philosopher Wonhyo.
710 CE: The Buddhist Kofukuji temple is established at Nara, main temple of the Japanese Fujiwara clan.
751 CE - 790 CE: The Buddhist Bulguksa temple complex is built east of Gyeongju, Korea.
751 CE - 774 CE: The Buddhist cave temple at Seokguram (Sokkuram) east of Gyeongju, Korea is built.
752 CE: The Buddhist Todaiji temple is founded at Nara, Japan.
767 CE - 822 CE: Life of Saicho, founder of Tendai Buddhism in Japan.
771 CE: The large bronze bell at the Buddhist shrine at Bongdeoksa, Korea, also known as the Emille Bell, is cast.
774 CE - 835 CE: Life of the monk Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi), founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan.
793 CE - 864 CE: Life of Ennin, the Buddhist scholar-monk and abbot of Enryakuji, who brought many esoteric teachings from China to Japan.
796 CE: The Buddhist To-ji temple near Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan is founded.
819 CE: Kukai (Kobo Daishi) establishes a monastery and headquarters for Shingon Buddhism on Mount Koya in Japan.
838 CE - 847 CE: Japanese Tendai Buddhist monk Ennin studies esoteric Buddhism in China.
842 CE - 845 CE: The Chinese state persecutes Buddhist monks and their monasteries.
849 CE: Ennin leads the first imperial-sponsored esoteric ritual at Enryakuji, Japan.
874 CE: The Buddhist Daigoji temple is founded by Shobo at Heiankyo (Kyoto).
1164 CE: The Buddhist Sanjusangendo temple is founded at Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan.
1855 CE: First Latin translation of the Dhammapada.
600 BCE 200 BCE 200 CE 600 CE 1000 CE 1400 CE