Visual Timeline: Themistocles
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524 BCE - 460 BCE: Life of Athenian general and statesman Themistocles.
493 BCE: Themistocles is made archon in Athens.
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
483 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to significantly expand their fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
480 BCE: The fortifications of Piraeus instigated by Themistocles are completed.
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
471 BCE: The general and statesman Themistocles is voted in an ostracism and exiled from Athens.
460 BCE: Exiled Athenian statesman Themistocles dies in Magnesia of illness, poison or suicide.
411 BCE: The Athenian general Themistocles builds fortifications on Kos.