To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.
100 BCE - 44 BCE: Life of Gaius Julius Caesar, founder of the Roman Empire.
69 BCE - 30 BCE: Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
65 BCE: Julius Caesar becomes aedile curule in Rome.
60 BCE - 53 BCE: 'First Triumvirate' between Caesar, Pompey and Crassus.
58 BCE - 51 BCE: Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul.
58 BCE: Caesar attacks the Helvetii while on migration and defeats them.
58 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
57 BCE: A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.
55 BCE - 54 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Britain twice.
55 BCE: Caesar attempts to invade Britain.
54 BCE: Caesar successfully invades Britain but withdraws to Gaul.
54 BCE - 53 BCE: Ambiorix of the Eburones tribe destroys around 9,000 Roman soldiers at Atuatuca.
54 BCE - 29 BCE: Forum of Caesar constructed in Rome by Julius Caesar as another area to conduct judicial business. It is the best surviving of his monuments.
53 BCE: Julius Caesar holds council of Gallic tribes in Lutetia.
52 BCE: Julius Caesar is defeated at Gergovia by Vercingetorix.
52 BCE: After becoming trapped and besieged at Alesia, Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar.
51 BCE: Caesar's siege and capture of Uxellodunum ends the Gallic War.
49 BCE: Caesar crosses the Rubicon. Civil war between Caesar and Pompey begins.
49 BCE: Julius Caesar besieges Massilia.
49 BCE: Julius Caesar captures Brundisium in southern Italy.
48 BCE: Caesar defeats Pompey (battle of Pharsalus); Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed by courtiers of Ptolemy XIII.
48 BCE: Caesar arrives in Egypt and orders Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII to disband their armies, but instead, war breaks out.
47 BCE: Birth of Cleopatra's son, named Caesarion; Caesar is said to be the father.
46 BCE: Julius Caesar mints the largest quantity of gold coins ever seen in Rome.
46 BCE: Julius Caesar celebrates a triple triumph in Rome.
44 BCE: Julius Caesar is murdered.
44 BCE: Julius Caesar founds the Roman colony of Corinth.
29 BCE: The Temple of Divus Julius, dedicated to the deified Julius Caesar, is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
47 CE - 50 CE: Londinium (London) founded, roads constructed.