Visual Timeline: First Fitna

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650 CE 660 CE  
 
 
656 CE - 661 CE: Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeds Uthman to become the fourth and final caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
 
656 CE - 661 CE: The murder of Caliph Uthman causes the eruption of the First Fitna (civil war). Muawiya surfaces as a major opposer of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
656 CE: The Battle of the Camel.
 
657 CE: Battle of Siffin.
 
657 CE: Ali ibn Abi Talib moves his empire's capital to Kufa in Iraq.
 
661 CE: Caliph Ali is assassinated by the Kharijites.
 
 
 
 
 
 
650 CE 660 CE