Visual Timeline: Egypt

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
 
6000 BCE: Nile River Valley first inhabited.
 
 
6000 BCE: Burial of the dead in Egypt.
 
6000 BCE: Earliest Egyptian mastabas dug at Saqqara.
 
 
5500 BCE: Oldest faience workshop in Egypt founded at Abydos.
 
5000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
 
 
4000 BCE: Depictions of gods and afterlife on walls of Egyptian tombs.
 
3414 BCE - 3100 BCE: Xois founded as a city during the 1st Dynasty.
 
3200 BCE: Hieroglyphic script developed in Egypt.
 
 
3200 BCE - 3000 BCE: Probable dates for creation of Narmer Palette.
 
 
3150 BCE - 2613 BCE: Early Dynastic Period in Egypt. First Kings.
 
 
3150 BCE: King Menes unifies Egypt through conquest.
 
3150 BCE - 3100 BCE: Reign of Menes, a.k.a. Narmer, first king who is thought to have unified Upper and Lower Egypt.
 
3100 BCE - 2181 BCE: Xois inscribed on Palermo Stone as an ancient city during the 5th Dynasty.
 
3000 BCE: Trade already established between Syria and Egypt.
 
2670 BCE: Reign of King Djoser in Egypt, builder of the first pyramid.
 
 
2670 BCE - 2650 BCE: The Step Pyramid is built by Imhotep under reign of King Djoser.
 
2667 BCE - 2648 BCE: Imhotep in Egypt writes medical texts describing diagnosis and treatment of 100 diseases and 48 injuries.
 
 
2667 BCE - 2600 BCE: Attributed dates of Imhotep's medical and architectural achievements.
 
2613 BCE - 2181 BCE: The Period of the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
 
 
2560 BCE: The Great Pyramid of Giza is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
 
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx of Giza is built.
 
 
2181 BCE - 2040 BCE: First Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
2064 BCE - 1986 BCE: Twin Dynasty Wars in Egypt.
 
1800 BCE: Bronze working introduced to Egypt.
 
1800 BCE: The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus deals with women's health and contraception.
 
 
1783 BCE: Avaris is built and set as capital of Hyksos.
 
1782 BCE - 1570 BCE: Second Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
1700 BCE: The Kingdom of Kush is formed to the south of Egypt.
 
 
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Xois serves as capital of the 14th Dynasty.
 
1600 BCE: The Edwin Smith Papyrus, an Egyptian medical text, is written, supposedly as a copy of Imhotep's earlier work.
 
 
1570 BCE: Ahmose I defeats and expels the Hyksos from Egypt and destroy their capital Avaris.
 
1570 BCE - 1069 BCE: The New Kingdom of Egypt.
 
 
1550 BCE - 1070 BCE: Composition of the Egyptian Book of the Dead.
 
 
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Egyptian empire reaches greatest extent under Thutmose I.
 
1500 BCE: Egyptian empire extends to the Euphrates.
 
1479 BCE - 1458 BCE: Queen Hatshepsut rules Egypt.
 
 
1458 BCE: Kadesh and Megiddo lead a Canaanite alliance against the Egyptian invasion by Thutmose III.
 
 
1458 BCE - 1425 BCE: Reign of Thutmose III in Egypt.
 
1457 BCE: Battle of Megiddo: Thutmose III of Egypt defeats a coalition of Canaan, Kadesh, Mitanni, and Megiddo led by Durusha, king of Kadesh.
 
1386 BCE - 1353 BCE: Reign of Amenhotep III of Egypt.
 
 
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: Reign of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun's father, 'Heretic King' of Egypt.
 
1336 BCE - 1327 BCE: Reign of Tutankhamun with Ankhsenamun as queen.
 
 
1334 BCE: Tutankhamun initiates religious reforms returning Egypt to traditional belief structure.
 
1327 BCE - 1323 BCE: Reign of Ay in Egypt.
 
1320 BCE: Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Horemheb, succeeds Ay as ruler of Egypt
 
1320 BCE - 1292 BCE: Reign of Horemheb in Egypt, Tutankhamun's name erased from record.
 
1303 BCE: Birth of Ramesses II of Egypt.
 
 
1295 BCE - 1294 BCE: The reign of Ramesses I in Egypt.
 
 
1295 BCE - 1188 BCE: The 19th Dynasty of Egypt.
 
 
1294 BCE - 1279 BCE: The reign of Seti I in Egypt.
 
 
1279 BCE - 1212 BCE: Reign of Ramesses II (The Great) in Egypt.
 
1274 BCE: Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
 
 
1264 BCE - 1244 BCE: Probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
 
 
1258 BCE: The Treaty of Kadesh between Egyptians and Hittites. The world's first peace treaty.
 
 
1244 BCE - 1224 BCE: Other probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
 
1184 BCE - 1153 BCE: Reign of Ramesses III, Pharaoh of Egypt.
 
1180 BCE: The Sea Peoples begin increased incursions into Egypt.
 
1180 BCE - 1178 BCE: Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty fortifies Xois against the threat of the invading Sea Peoples.
 
1178 BCE: Ramesses III defends Egypt from the Sea Peoples on the shores at Xois, defeating them completely.
 
1069 BCE - 525 BCE: Third Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
750 BCE: Iron working is introduced to Egypt.
 
712 BCE - 671 BCE: Egypt is ruled by the Kushite dynasty.
 
 
671 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Assyria.
 
 
671 BCE: Second Egyptian Campaign, Assyrian army successfully captures Memphis and conquers Egypt.
 
 
667 BCE - 665 BCE: Ashurbanipal wages war in Egypt to put down rebellions.
 
 
664 BCE: Psamtik I becomes Pharoah in Egypt.
 
 
653 BCE: Egypt expels Assyrians.
 
601 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon unsuccessfully attempts to invade Egypt.
 
 
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
 
 
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia takes the city of Pelusium, conquers Egypt.
 
 
525 BCE: Imhotep is deified in Egypt.
 
 
520 BCE: Darius of Persia links the Nile and the Red Sea by a canal.
 
 
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
 
341 BCE: The Persians complete conquest of Egypt.
 
 
332 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers Phoenicia and turns toward Egypt.
 
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
 
 
331 BCE: Alexander the Great founds Alexandria at the port town of Rhakotis in Egypt.
 
323 BCE - 282 BCE: Rule of Ptolemy I Soter.
 
 
323 BCE: Death of Alexander the Great.
 
 
323 BCE - 31 BCE: The Hellenistic Age. Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
 
 
305 BCE - 285 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, who initiated the Great Library.
 
300 BCE: Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.
 
 
285 BCE - 246 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, development of Library at Alexandria.
 
277 BCE - 276 BCE: 4,000 Celts are employed in Egypt under Ptolemy II.
 
 
259 BCE: Celts in Egypt fail to overthrow Ptolemy II and are starved to death on an island.
 
247 BCE: The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.
 
 
217 BCE: 14,000 Celts serve under Ptolemy IV in his victory at Raphia over the Seleucid King Antiochus III.
 
69 BCE - 30 BCE: Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
 
47 BCE: Cleopatra VII is sole ruler of Egypt; she presents herself as the goddess Isis.
 
30 BCE: Egypt becomes province of the Roman Empire.
 
 
30 BCE: Death of Cleopatra VII, end of the Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt.
 
 
30 BCE - 14 CE: Reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome, restoration of Roman province of Alexandria.
 
 
1 CE: First non-stop voyages from Egypt to India.
 
 
30 CE - 476 CE: Egypt remains a province of the Roman Empire.
 
 
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
 
 
232 CE: Emperor Maximinus Thrax commands a legion in Egypt.
 
 
527 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Empire controls Egypt.
 
 
646 CE: The Arab Muslims conquer Egypt under Caliph Umar.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE